Welcome Parents!

Due to popular demand here is a collection of some of the resources we use in class to teach phonics.

For those who don't know already, phonics is a method of using sounds that match with letters to teach reading and writing. 'One phoneme' means 'one sound'; 'two phonemes' means 'two sounds' and so on. Words are made up of different sounds; we teach the children the sounds and they use them to read and write with. As the children develop they learn different variations of the 'phonemes' and become fluent readers and writers.

To write a 'phoneme' we use 'graphemes' which are letters. Some phonemes are made of more than one grapheme. For example 'sh' is 1 phoneme but uses 2 graphemes, 'igh' is 1 phoneme but uses 3 graphemes

Searching the internet, you will find all sorts of different resources to support your children as they learn their sounds, but different countries and schools refer to the groups of sounds differently. In our school we use Read Write Inc. as a programme to teach phonics. You can click here to find out more about this scheme.

To further help you out, the sounds we group by are below, with some resources the children like to use in class too that you may wish to try.

There are roughly 3 sets of phonemes the children must learn. The first set are taught from Nursery/Reception on-wards.

Set 1:

m a s d t i n p g o c k u b f e l h r j v y w v x z

as well as

ch ng nk qu sh th

These are learnt individually, as part of real words and as part of nonsense words. 

Some useful websites include-



Set 2:

ay ee igh ow oo (zoo)  oo (look)  

ar   or   air   ir   ou   oy

These sounds are less frequent but make up the bulk of learning for Year 1. They are used in real and nonsense forms to assess if a child can see/read the phonemes within words. For example pay is p-ay (2 phonemes) not p-a-y (3 phonemes) though the mistake is understandable. So its nonsense form could be thay (th-ay) or vay (v-ay) or any other reasonable form that the children could read.


Some useful websites for set 2 phonemes include:

Set 3:

a-e   ea   i-e   o-e   u-e


ai  ea  ie  oa  ue  aw  au  ur  er  ire  ear  ure 

These sounds are variations/extensions on the more common set 1/2 phonemes that the children will have already learned. As an example the children will learn ay (as in May) first. The same long a sound can be heard in make or fail though it is spelled differently.

Some useful websites for these more complex phonemes can be found here:


Youtube can not be underestimated as a wonderful resource for learning through entertaining songs, rhymes and animations too.

If you are concerned about your child being alone on Youtube, follow this link to download the new Youtube app for tablets and mobile devices. This will give your child access to all their favourites but remove the inappropriate content.

This is a speed sound chart that contains all the sounds the children are taught. The first row are set 1 sounds. The variances of each phoneme (sound) are listed in column. The eagle eyed among you will notice some sounds are missing (like eigh for ay, ough for uff/off/ow/oo etc) these are covered later on when the children are ready, click to zoom.

Set 1 sounds are found above, plus the rhymes for how we remember to write them, click to zoom.


Some of the set 2 and 3 sounds can be found above, click to zoom.